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El Niño & La Niña

This El Niño-Southern Oscillation page does not attempt to cover all available El Niño information. It does, however, attempt to link to sites dealing with the impacts of El Niño, focusing on U.S. weather and extreme weather phenomena.

Section 1. Organizations and Agencies

Climate Prediction Center - ENSO
The mission of the Climate Prediction Center is to maintain a continuous watch on short-term climate fluctuations and to diagnose and predict them. These efforts are designed to assist agencies both inside and outside the federal government in coping with such climate related problems as food supply, energy allocation, and water resources.

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Section 2. General Resources

California El Niño Information
This site provides much information that is useful beyond California.

Comprehensive Bibliography on the El Niño Phenomenon.
This bibliography from the Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies (COAPS) Library is searchable by author's name and can also be browsed page by page.

El Niño
Association of Bay Area Governments (ABAG) Web site to help people understand El Niño.

El Niño Grande
This page from The Gate News site deals with many issues concerning El Niño and California.

El Niño and La Niña page
National Weather Service's San Francisco Bay Area Web site on El Niño and La Niña.

El Niño and La Niña: Tracing the Dance of Ocean and Atmosphere
This publication from the National Academy of Sciences' Office on Public Understanding of Science surveys basic scientific studies of the last century that have led to our current understanding of El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO). It shows how the relatively recent synthesis of atmospheric and oceanographic studies has led to even better understanding and a consequent ability to provide timely warnings that enable preparedness and mitigation.

El Niño and the Midwest

El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Information
This site from the NOAA-CIRES Climate Diagnostic Center covers topics such as what happens during an El Niño/La Niña cycle? What are the effects of El Niño/La Niña on climate and individual weather systems? What is the current state of El Niño/La Niña? Also included are FAQs, a glossary, other links and publications, forecasts and advisories, and educational resources.

The El Niño Theme Page
An excellent introductory site accessing distributed information related to El Niño and La Niña-related products, including the most recent observational data, forecasts, scientific analyses and historical perspectives.

The La Niña Summit
A site that brings together the latest scientific consensus on La Niña and its impacts. The site emerged from the world's first summit devoted to El Niño's less-studied counterpart. "Review of the Causes and Consequences of Cold Events: A La Niña Summit." This conference was hosted in July 1998 by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) and was organized by NCAR senior scientist Michael Glantz with support from the United Nations University (UNU).

"Lessons from the 1997-98 El Niño: Once Burned, Twice Shy?"
This United Nations study asserts that thousands of human casualties and tens of billions of dollars in economic damage will continue to befall the world's developing countries every two to seven years until an investment is made to improve forecasting and preparedness against El Niño. The creation of regional organizations to prepare collective responses to El Niño is one of the key recommendations in this study developed by teams of researchers working in 16 countries in Latin America, Asia, and Africa. The complete text of the study is available in.pdf format; you will need Acrobat to read it.

1997 ENSO Colloquium
"A Systems Approach to El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO): Oceanic, Atmospheric, Societal, Environmental, and Policy Perspectives." Sponsored by NCAR with additional support from NOAA, the colloquium examined the causes, effects, and implications of ENSO and the various roles ENSO plays in the global climate system.

The Wrath of El Niño
An online forum dealing with El Niño issues.

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